The European Defence Fund (EDF) is the Commission’s initiative to support collaborative defence research and development, and to foster an innovative and competitive defence industrial base.
In order to cope with sustained air traffic growth and operations over Europe, the Single European Sky (SES) initiative has been running since 2004. It intends to improve the performance of Air Traffic Management (ATM) in terms of safety,
capacity, cost-efficiency and the environment. It hence paves the way for a European airspace that is used optimally, embraces emerging disruptive technologies, facilitates the integration of “new entrants” such as all types of drones, High Altitude Platform Systems (HAPS) to super- and hyper-sonic aircraft, trans-atmospheric and suborbital vehicles, and complies with emerging challenges. This modernisation of the civil aviation sector does not directly apply to military operations and training. However, civil and military aviation activities are closely interlinked, as they share the same airspace considered as a continuum. Therefore, SES implies a necessary coordinated modernisation of the different Air Command and Control (C2) systems, which are furthermore to collaborate at national and EU levels. Indeed, in this context, concomitant with a more hostile security environment, the timely sharing of correct and consistent information covering all phases of flight, between civil and military
parties is a must.
The evolving SES regulations based on the harmonisation of the coordination and interoperability operational concepts or technical standards introduces in front of the military ATM stakeholder several new challenges which might be converted in
opportunities for a more complete, optimized and performant Air C2 missions. The introduction of the 4D Trajectory based management of the Air traffic and the new technical standards on the harmonisation of automatic ATM data exchanges need
to be implemented in the Air C2 centres and systems.
The latest version of the European ATM Master Plan demonstrates the necessity to transform the ATM architecture due to several observed concerns that will have to be improved and optimised. These concerns are mainly the following ones:
Against this background, Member States and Norway must be prepared from a military perspective to:
Eυρωπαϊκή Γενική Διεύθυνση Αμυντικής Βιομηχανίας και Διαστήματος (DEFIS)