Single European Sky interoperability


Programme Category

EU Competitive Programmes

Programme Name

European Defence Fund (EDF)

Programme Description

The European Defence Fund (EDF) is the Commission’s initiative to support collaborative defence research and development, and to foster an innovative and competitive defence industrial base.

Programme Details

Identifier Code



Single European Sky interoperability


In order to cope with sustained air traffic growth and operations over Europe, the Single European Sky (SES) initiative has been running since 2004. It intends to improve the performance of Air Traffic Management (ATM) in terms of safety,
capacity, cost-efficiency and the environment. It hence paves the way for a European airspace that is used optimally, embraces emerging disruptive technologies, facilitates the integration of “new entrants” such as all types of drones, High Altitude Platform Systems (HAPS) to super- and hyper-sonic aircraft, trans-atmospheric and suborbital vehicles, and complies with emerging challenges. This modernisation of the civil aviation sector does not directly apply to military operations and training. However, civil and military aviation activities are closely interlinked, as they share the same airspace considered as a continuum. Therefore, SES implies a necessary coordinated modernisation of the different Air Command and Control (C2) systems, which are furthermore to collaborate at national and EU levels. Indeed, in this context, concomitant with a more hostile security environment, the timely sharing of correct and consistent information covering all phases of flight, between civil and military
parties is a must.

Detailed Call Description

The evolving SES regulations based on the harmonisation of the coordination and interoperability operational concepts or technical standards introduces in front of the military ATM stakeholder several new challenges which might be converted in
opportunities for a more complete, optimized and performant Air C2 missions. The introduction of the 4D Trajectory based management of the Air traffic and the new technical standards on the harmonisation of automatic ATM data exchanges need
to be implemented in the Air C2 centres and systems.

The latest version of the European ATM Master Plan demonstrates the necessity to transform the ATM architecture due to several observed concerns that will have to be improved and optimised. These concerns are mainly the following ones:

  • a steady increase of conventional traffic since 2014, even if the current sanitary crisis has drastically reduced the traffic, it is most probably a temporary situation;
  • the growing environmental concerns raised by the aviation sector to demonstrate its capacity to contribute to the EU’s environmental objectives;
  • the appearance of new entrants into the airspace with the expected large number and heterogeneous nature of drones together with the emerging interest for operating vehicles at very high altitudes;

Against this background, Member States and Norway must be prepared from a military perspective to:

  • Safeguard the military ambition to be trained for and to execute missions as required and more specifically to continue performing Air Surveillance and Control in the changing context of civil aviation sector (digitalization, automation, dynamic airspace management, new data format, resilience and cybersecurity issues), facing the density and diversity increase of air traffic,
  • Ensure the interoperability and data exchange between civil and military control centres, including data sharing between classified and non-classified environment, permitting an efficient, secured and safe ATC12 (e.g., for military airports providing Air Traffic Services for civilian flights) and to support the planning, tasking.

Call Total Budget

€20 000 000

Financing percentage by EU or other bodies / Level of Subsidy or Loan


Thematic Categories

  • Information Technology
  • Justice - Security
  • Research, Technological Development and Innovation

Eligibility for Participation

  • Central Government
  • Large Enterprises
  • Legal Entities
  • Local Authorities
  • Local Authority clusters
  • Researchers/Research Centers/Institutions
  • Semi-governmental organisations
  • Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs)
  • State-owned Enterprises

Call Opening Date


Call Closing Date


National Contact Point(s)

Υπουργείο Άμυνας
Λεωφόρος Στροβόλου 172-174, 2048 Στρόβολος, Λευκωσία,
Τηλέφωνο: 22 807500
Ηλεκτρονικό Ταχυδρομείο:

Τμήμα Έρευνας και Καινοτομίας
Τηλέφωνα: 22 807755, 22 807754
Ηλεκτρονικό Ταχυδρομείο:

EU Contact Point

Eυρωπαϊκή Γενική Διεύθυνση Αμυντικής Βιομηχανίας και Διαστήματος (DEFIS)